The recently released 2010 County Health Rankings suggest that contaminants are widespread in Wisconsin public water supplies.
The website, a project by the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, ranks counties by “health outcomes” — weighted measures of health factors that contribute to length and quality of life — in every U.S. state. Among the factors impacting the health of the physical environment in Wisconsin are measurements of contaminants in municipal water, which in many counties exceed the maximum contaminant limits set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
With 71 of 72 Wisconsin counties reporting:
- 35 show at least one third of the county population is exposed to contaminant levels beyond the maximum recommended for human health
- 23 show at least half of the county population is exposed to unhealthy contaminant levels.
- 5 counties — Manitowoc, Marquette, Jefferson, Winnebago and Douglas — report more than 90 percent of the population exposed to unhealthy contaminant levels.
According to Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Public Water Supply Chief Lee Boushon, the data may not take into account the water treatments applied to combat contamination since the measurements were taken.
“The numbers seem a bit high for what we’ve seen,” Boushon said. “Overall [Wisconsin water quality is] very good. We do have situations where communities have levels that are above the standards, but in the majority of cases they employ treatment.”
Which contaminants are in Wisconsin’s drinking water?
That information is available from another source.
With the help of The New York Times, the advocacy organization Environmental Working Group released a database in 2009 detailing how much of which contaminants were found in the water from most suppliers in the U.S. In Wisconsin, these suppliers range from large utility companies like Milwaukee Waterworks, serving more than 600,000 people, to various schools, churches and campgrounds that may serve as few as 50 people.
Contaminants in Wisconsin included lead, nitrates and drycleaning chemicals.